What is civil society?


Often people want to get into groups to change things about how society works. These groups might be charities, non-governmental organisations, pressure groups or social movements. Collectively, these groups make up civil society.

Civil society doesn’t include:

  • organisations that are run for profit, such as private companies,
  • political parties and organisations run by the government,
  • independent institutions who monitor human rights— such as the Children and Young People’s Commissioner Scotland.

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